To calculate the grade-point average (GPA), include only those courses taken for a letter grade at the University of California. This includes work undertaken at all campuses of the University in regular terms and in summer sessions, as well as XB or XBW courses at University Extension. Transfer work from any other college or university is not included in the UC GPA.

The University uses the 4.0 system for GPA calculation, in which each letter grade earns a specified number of grade points:

For One Unit of the Grade: Grade Points are Earned
A+/A 4.0
A- 3.7
B+ 3.3
B 3.0
B- 2.7
C+ 2.3
C 2.0
C- 1.7
D+ 1.3
D 1.0
D- 0.7
F 0.0

For example, if a student receives a grade of B- in a 5 unit course, 13.5 grade points are earned for that course (5 units x 2.7 grade points per unit). The number of grade points earned for each course appears on the transcript to the right of the grade.

At the end of each semester these totals are updated: the units attempted for a letter grade, those successfully completed, and the grade points earned are added to the corresponding figures in the semester summary line from the previous semester, and the cumulative GPA is recalculated. The grade-point average is calculated using the cumulative figures from the semester summary line after the student's most recent semester. The formula for computing GPA is: grade points earned divided by units attempted for a letter grade.

Grade Point Balance

The balance is used primarily as a reference point for students on academic probation. When the balance is 0 (zero), the GPA is exactly 2.0. If the balance is a negative number, the GPA is below 2.0 and the student is on academic probation. The formula for computing the balance is: Grade points - (units attempted x 2) = balance.

The balance is a convenient "flag" for students on academic probation as well as a precise measure of how far the GPA is below 2.0. A negative balance is often referred to as a "grade point deficit."


A student may repeat a course in which a grade of D+, D, D- or F once to improve their GPA up to a limit of 12 units of repeated work. Within the first 12 units of repeats of D+, D, D- or F grades, the second grade earned is the one included in the GPA. However, the original grade remains on the record to reflect the student's actual enrollments and to maintain the historical record of any academic probation to which the student may have been subjected.

Repeating a grade of F

If a student repeats an F, the original course is given a special code to signal that the course is repeated later on the academic record. This code blocks the units for the repeat from being included in the units attempted, but allows the grade points earned to count. Remember that the units attempted would already be reflected for the course from the original grade of F. With the addition of the grade points for the repeat, without any further units attempted, the GPA will reflect the grade received on repetition.

Repeating a grade of D+, D or D-

If a student repeats a D the same principle applies as that for repeat of F, with one additional factor: a D received some grade points, so when it is repeated the student receives only the additional grade points needed for the combined grade points to reflect the grade earned on repetition. The original course is given a special code to signal that the course is repeated later on the record; this code blocks the units attempted for repeat from being included in the units attempted, but allows the additional grade points to count.

Repeating deficient grades can be an important strategy for a student having academic difficulty. However, if the student's performance does not improve with repetition this may indicate that the student has not chosen the appropriate academic direction and should consider other areas of study. Students experiencing academic difficulty are urged to see a college adviser to discuss the extent of the GPA deficit and strategies for clearing this deficit within the probationary term.

Probation Calculator

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